SKELTON - IN - CLEVELAND
IN HISTORY

Page 28.

OVERSEERS OF THE POOR
SKELTON RATEPAYERS 1823.


Each Easter the Overseers of the Poor in each Parish had to assess a rate, based on the Expenditure of the previous year.
For 1823, in Skelton, it was set at 7 shillings [35p] in the pound. From time to time valuations were made and by Law all those with property over 10 had to pay their dues or be taken to Court.
It is said that the basis of these property valuations was "complex".
From the list below it can be seen that 86 people shared the bill in Skelton in 1823, with Farmers being the main contributors.
Strangely John Wharton of Skelton Castle, who had just spent a fortune on rebuilding Skelton Castle and bribing the voters of Beverley paid only a fifth of the highest amount. This was because the lawmakers in Parliament, which was mostly composed at that time of the landed gentry, had decided the tenant of a property would pay rather than the owner.


s
d


s
d


s
d
John Wharton, Skelton Castle
6
4
3
Thomas Rigg, Farmer
14
3
6
Thomas King
11
11
0
Sarah Johnson
0
7
0
Executors of Andrew Irvine
29
9
9
John Raper
0
7
0
Mr John Andrew,
2
13
3
Ralph Lynas, Shopkeeper
0
17
6
James Cullen, Farmer
20
0
9
Robert Thompson
10
3
0
William Adamson, Farmer
32
12
9
William Wilkinson, Butcher
16
0
3
William Farndale
25
18
6
John Kell
0
12
3
Richard Wilson, Farmer
16
6
3
Isaac Wilkinson, Butcher
0
5
3
William Cooper, Farmer
2
9
0
Robert Tiplady, Farmer
3
8
3
John Rotherford
3
4
9
Thomas Shemelds, Shopkeeper
3
13
6
William Sayer
16
3
6
Reverend William Close
0
19
3
John Tease
0
5
3
William Lawson, Butcher
1
13
3
Stephen Emmerson, Farmer
2
6
3
William Bulmer
0
3
6
Elizabeth Appleton
2
12
6
William Taylor
0
7
0
Robert Carlise
1
4
6
Robert Watson, Corn Miller
2
16
0
John Johnson
3
18
9
Robert Wilkinson
1
2
0
John Taylor
10
6
6
William Bean, Duke William Inn
2
10
9
William Hall, Farmer
20
4
3
Elizabeth Wilkinson, Shopkeeper
1
4
6
John Appleton, Farmer
13
11
3
Marmaduke Wilson, Carrier
0
15
9
Jackson Harden, Farmer
9
0
3
William Wilson
5
8
6
Edward Hall, Farmer
4
11
0
William Young, Blacksmith
0
7
0
Ann Cole
2
13
0
Thomas Carter
0
7
0
Samuel Corney
1
2
0
John Robinson
0
3
6
Thomas Clark, Farmer
5
6
9
E Hutton S Ableson, Weaver.
0
3
6
John Pybus
0
5
3
William Gowland, Plumber Glazier
1
11
6
William Hutton, Farmer
4
2
3
Duncan McNaughton
5
3
3
William Thompson
6
9
6
Robert Robinson, Blacksmith
2
2
0
William Sherwood, Farmer
18
12
9
Thomas Lowe
0
14
0
John Parnaby, Farmer
7
15
9
Michael Lowe
0
3
6
John Slater, Shopkeeper
3
18
9
Mark Carrick, Joiner
1
1
0
William Lockwood, Farmer
11
0
6
Joseph Middleton, Joiner
1
2
0
George Lynas, Cordwainer
1
4
6
Sarah Johnson, Farmer
17
4
9
John Hutchinson
14
5
3
Ralph Lynas, Tailor
0
14
0
Leonard Dixon
1
13
3
Edward Patterson
1
4
6
William Carrick
0
8
9
Michael Mark
1
7
0
Scarth Castley
1
1
0
William Dixon, Merchant
9
7
3
Robert Gill
2
12
6
Ralph Weatherill
0
10
6
John Abbott
0
7
0
James Watson
0
7
0
Robert Wilkinson, Weaver
1
11
6
Isaac Hutton
0
14
0
John Hutton, Tailor
0
3
6
Widow Sayer
0
7
0
Frank Thomas, Gamekeeper
0
17
6
William Lewes
0
7
0
Ann Thompson [widow]
1
1
0




TOTAL








451
4
9
In 1828 a re-valuation was ordered and this increased the number of ratepayers in Skelton to 184. Even those with a rateable value of just 10 shillings [50p] had to pay 1s 10d [9p]. The total collected rose to 556 3s 5d. This made the unwieldy system even harder for the Overseers to administer. The relief given at that time was meagre and, unlike the modern Welfare State, the Poor Law did attempt to distinguish between the deserving and the undeserving poor. Even so, like today, there was resentment by rate-payers towards some claimants who were seen as work-shy malingerers milking the system. The movement of earnings from the pockets of hard workers to non-workers was more visible than at present. The rules of Settlement blocked the movement of labour and this was especially unsuitable to the growing towns. All these factors added to the causes that brought about introduction of the Workhouse System in 1834.
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